Molecular Basis of Hereditary Retinal Degenerations
Location(s): India; Pakistan; Mexico
The goal of the studies proposed in this application is to enhance our understanding of retinal degeneration (RD) by identifying additional genes associated with recessive RD and determining the underlying molecular mechanisms. Known genes are estimated to contribute to approximately 30% of cases of recessive RD. The studies proposed here will test the hypothesis that identification of remaining genes for RD will assist in understanding the mechanisms underlying these diseases. Populations with high inbreeding and consanguineous marriages are best suited for identifying genes associated with recessive retinal conditions. The molecular basis of hereditary retinal diseases in inbred populations from Pakistan, India, and Mexico has not been well studied. Preliminary analyses have indicated the involvement of new genes in causing RD in these populations. In this application, studies are focused on identifying new genes for recessive RD by analyzing consanguineous families from India, Pakistan, Mexico, and the United States and understanding the mechanisms underlying degeneration.