Hypertension Management in Minority and Low-income Populations
Investigator: Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, MD, PhD
Sponsor: NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Location(s): United States
This proposal seeks to develop effective hypertension control interventions in safety-net settings caring for race/ethnic minority patients with complex co-morbid conditions including chronic kidney disease and diabetes, and to use computer simulations to evaluate these interventions for their population impact on disparities.
The overarching goal of this proposal is to develop, adapt, implement, and evaluate hypertension control interventions in safety-net settings caring for race/ethnic minority patients with complex co-morbid conditions including chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes. Dr. Bibbins-Domingo is the joint PI of a U54 collaborative grant that evaluates a clinically-delivered hypertension control intervention consisting of a clinical blood pressure control algorithm, as well as a culturally-tailored dietary intervention aimed at sustained blood pressure control delivered in an integrated health delivery system; these interventions will form the basis for the adapted interventions studied here. The proposal addresses the following aims:
Aim 1. To adapt, implement, and evaluate hypertension interventions developed in the U54 to resource- limited, safety net settings in across California, and
Aim 2. To use a new micro-simulation computer model to determine essential elements of effective hypertension interventions and an established population-based computer model (the CVD Policy Model) to project population impact of such interventions on health disparities.
This proposal will enhance Dr. Bibbins-Domingo's career goals to pursue didactic and experiential training in implementation science methodologies, to develop multi-disciplinary teams of researchers (including nephrologists, cardiologists, and implementation scientists) capable of developing effective prevention interventions for delivery in resource-limited settings caring for complex patients, and to integrate her prior computer modeling work in the analysis of new clinically-based interventions. She will conduct the work described here through mentored studies involving trainees from a broad set of disciplines. Dr. Bibbins- Domingo is the Director of the UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations at San Francisco General Hospital and the Director of the Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute K Scholars Program that mentors junior faculty with career development awards.