Family Planning

Active Projects: 24

Project Investigator All Topics Start date End date
Informed Consent for Catholic Hospital Obstetric Patients Regarding the Effects of Doctrine on Care Lori R. Freedman, MA Labor and Delivery, Family Planning
Phase 3, Randomized, Multi-Center, Open-Label Study of a Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System (20 Mcg/Day) and Mirena® for Long-Term, Reversible Contraception up to Five Years Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Pharmacology and Drug Treatment, Family Planning
Patient-centered contraceptive care: Women's autonomy in contraceptive decision-making Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Family Planning
Investigating a masculinities-based approach to increase male acceptance of family planning in Kenya Sara J. Newmann, MD, MPH Family Planning, Implementation and Behavioral Science
Evaluation of Abortion Restrictions Ushma D. Upadhyay, PhD, MPH Women's Health, Family Planning, Health Economics and Policy
Impact and Cost-effectiveness of Safer Conception Strategies for HIV Prevention Joelle M. Brown, PhD HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Family Planning, Health Economics and Policy, Implementation and Behavioral Science, Risk Reduction and Prevention
Impact and Cost-effectiveness of Safer Conception Strategies for HIV Prevention Joelle M. Brown, PhD HIV/AIDS, Family Planning
Reproductive Tract Effects of the Intrauterine Device: Implications for HIV Risk Karen S. Smith-McCune, MD, PhD HIV/AIDS, Family Planning
Teen Pregnancy Prevention Project Evaluation Claire Brindis, DrPH Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Copy of Beyond the Pill: Bringing the Best Science to Contraceptive Care Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Family Planning, Access or Barriers to Care
General Support for the UCSF Bixby Center J. Joseph Speidel, MD, MPH Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health
Integrated Training in Reproductive Sciences Synthia Mellon, PhD Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Genetics, Family Planning, Residencies, Fellowships, and Postdoctoral Training
Gender, Autonomy, and Contraceptive Use Among Young People Ushma D. Upadhyay, PhD, MPH Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Developing Expert Nurses in Abortion Care Monica McLemore, PhD, MPH, RN Family Planning
Denial of Legal Abortion and Implications for Quality of Care Diana G. Foster, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning, Access or Barriers to Care
Evidence-Based Facility Standards for Abortion Care Sarah C. Roberts, DrPH Family Planning
SpeakOut: Empowering teen to teen communication about highly effective contraception. Christine E. Dehlendorf, MD, MAS Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Contraceptive Clinical Trials Network - Female Sites [I] Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Women's Health, Family Planning
Contraceptive Clinical Trials Network - Female Sites [II] Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Women's Health, Family Planning
Global Strategies for HIV Prevention Arthur Ammann, MD HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Pediatrics, Newborn and Infant Health, Access or Barriers to Care
Experiences of women denied legal abortions Felicia C. Lester, MD, MPH Women's Health, Family Planning
Gender equity, women's empowerment and reproductive health in US and low-income countries Ushma D. Upadhyay, PhD, MPH Women's Health, Family Planning
Turnaway Study: Continuation, Dissemination, and Expansion Diana G. Foster, PhD Family Planning
Framework for quality of family planning services Stefan Nachuk, MA Family Planning, Health Economics and Policy

Active Projects: 131

Project Investigator All Topics Start date End date
Intervention to Decrease Risk for STDs and Unintended Pregnancies in Active Duty Military Women Cherrie B. Boyer, PhD Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Women's Health, Family Planning
Misoprotsol versus Placebo with Laminaria for Cervical Ripening before Late Second Trimester Abortion Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Pharmacology and Drug Treatment, Family Planning
Phase 3, Evaluate the Return to Spontaneous Menses for Subjects Receiving Prior Treatment with a Daily Regimen of Daily Regimen of Levonorgestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol for Oral Contraception Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Family Planning
A phase 3 multicenter open label study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Levonorgestrel 90ug and ethinyl estradiol 20ug in a continuous daily regimen for oral contraception Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Family Planning
Family PACT Evaluation Claire Brindis, DrPH Family Planning
International and Domestic Family Planning: Research, Training and Technical Assistance Claire Brindis, DrPH Family Planning
Knowledge of Emergency Contraception in California Felicia Stewart, MD Women's Health, Family Planning
Strengthening Teaching on Reproductive Health (RH) in Hue Medical Facility, Hue, Vietnam Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Family Planning, Training and Capacity Building
Stipend Grant Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Women's Health, Family Planning, Training and Capacity Building
Vietnam Reproductive Health Education Project [1] Uta E. Landy, MD Women's Health, Family Planning
An Assessment of Burundian Refugees' Ideas on Family Planning in Kibondo, Tanzania Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Family Planning, Access or Barriers to Care, Immigration and Migration
Evaluation of the California Wellness Foundation Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Initiative Claire Brindis, DrPH Family Planning, Adolescent Health
HIV/AIDS and Family Planning/Reproductive Health Linkages Christina (Krysia) P. Lindan, MD, MSc HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Family Planning
Adolescent Livelihoods and Reproductive Health Project; Karnataka, India Nancy S. Padian, PhD Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Ryan Residency Training and Fellowship in Family Planning [1] Uta E. Landy, MD Family Planning, Residencies, Fellowships, and Postdoctoral Training
A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Antiretroviral Therapy to Reduce Transmission of HIV-1 in Serodiscordant Couples Tsungai Chipato, MBChB, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Family Planning, Risk Reduction and Prevention
A Phase I Safety Trial of the Diaphragm in Zimbabwe Nancy S. Padian, PhD Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Family Planning
Hormonal Contraception and the Risk of HIV Acquisition Nancy S. Padian, PhD HIV/AIDS, Family Planning
A randomized, open-label, comparative, multi-center trial to evaluate contraceptive efficacy, cycle control, safety and acceptability of a monophasic combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing 2.5 mg nomegestrol acetate (NOMAC) and 1.5 mg estradiol Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Family Planning
Second Trimester Abortion Summit Family Planning, Access or Barriers to Care
Vietnam Reproductive Health Education Project [2] Uta E. Landy, MD Women's Health, Family Planning
Ryan Residency Training and Fellowship in Family Planning [2] Uta E. Landy, MD Family Planning
Patient Ultrasound Viewing and Abortion Care Women's Health, Family Planning
The Bixby Center for Reproductive Health amd Policy Teen Pregnancy Prevention Longitudinal Study Claire Brindis, DrPH Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Bayer 91555 FC Patch-low contraceptive study Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Family Planning
Microbicide Pregnancy Registry--Microbicide Trials Network Juan E. Vargas, MD Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, Drug and Diagnostics Development, Women's Health, Family Planning
Content from UCSF Physicians for SexReally.com J. Joseph Speidel, MD, MPH Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Family Planning, Adolescent Health, Patient and Peer Education
Addressing the Knowledge Gap: Increasing Young Women's Familiarity with Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) Using Digital Video Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning, Adolescent Health
National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy Evaluation Claire Brindis, DrPH Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Charting the Terrain of Abortion Information Online Women's Health, Family Planning
Clients' Experiences with Legal Abortion Services in Mexico City: Support for Dissemination Activities Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning, Health Systems Strengthening
Mental Health and Post-Abortion Contraceptive Choice A Proposal for Ellertson Fellowship Transition Funds Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Neurology and Mental Health, Women's Health, Family Planning
Charlotte Ellertson Social Science Postdoctoral Fellowship in Abortion and Reproductive Health Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning, Residencies, Fellowships, and Postdoctoral Training
Ellertson Social Science Fellowship in Abortion and Reproductive Health: Training of New Social Science Researchers on Policy-Relevant Research on Reproductive Health Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning, Residencies, Fellowships, and Postdoctoral Training
Abortion Counseling: the Origins, Crisis, and Attempts at Resurgence of a New Occupational Role Women's Health, Family Planning
Effects of Legalized Abortion in Nepal Women's Health, Family Planning
Enhancing Support for Later Abortion Women's Health, Family Planning
Encouraging Young Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Users to Spread the Good News with Social Media J. Joseph Speidel, MD, MPH Family Planning, Patient and Peer Education
Abortion is Both Normal Health Care and a Social Good Women's Health, Family Planning
Origami Female Condom User-Preference (FUP) Study Karen S. Smith-McCune, MD, PhD Drug and Diagnostics Development, Women's Health, Family Planning
Estimating the Incidence and Associated Costs of Post-Abortion Complications from Medi-Cal Data Ushma D. Upadhyay, PhD, MPH Women's Health, Family Planning, Health Economics and Policy
Investigating Contraceptive Use and Continuation among Women Obtaining Legal Abortion Services in Nepal Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning, Health Systems Strengthening
RSDP Scholars' Annual Research Conference/Retreat Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning
Title X Family Planning Services Kohar Der Simonian, MD Women's Health, Family Planning
Bedsider Content: Provider Perspectives, Get on Top Summaries and Feature Articles [I] J. Joseph Speidel, MD, MPH Women's Health, Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Reducing Unintended Pregnancy and the Need for Abortion in the U.S. Through Promotion of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (the LARC Program) Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning
Reproductive Scientist Development Program Family Planning
Reproductive Health Grant Women's Health, Family Planning
SGI Dev. / Reproductive Scientist Development Program Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Training and Capacity Building, Residencies, Fellowships, and Postdoctoral Training
Reproductive Health Education in Family Medicine-Abortion Training Program Kohar Der Simonian, MD Family Planning, Residencies, Fellowships, and Postdoctoral Training
Molecular Biophysics of Mitochondrial Membranes: Defining Future Therapeutic Targets Yuriy Kirichok, PhD Family Planning
Next Generation Health Center (NGHC) Core Operating Support/Teen Pregnancy Prevention Kohar Der Simonian, MD Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Young Women's Reach Project Kohar Der Simonian, MD Women's Health, Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Title X Family Planning Services Kohar Der Simonian, MD Women's Health, Family Planning
Partnership for Contraceptive Decision Support Christine E. Dehlendorf, MD, MAS Family Planning
Reducing Unintended Pregnancy and the Need for Abortion in the U.S. Through Promotion of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (the LARC Program) Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning
CoreAlign Initiative Women's Health, Family Planning
Microbicide Pregnancy Registry--Microbicide Trials Network Juan E. Vargas, MD Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Drug and Diagnostics Development, Women's Health, Family Planning
Pilot Test of a Contraceptive Decision Support Tool Christine E. Dehlendorf, MD, MAS Family Planning
Integrated Training in Reproductive Sciences Synthia Mellon, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning
Exploring the Role of Semen Amyloids in Promoting HIV Infection and Fertilization Nadia Roan, PhD HIV/AIDS, Family Planning
Primary Care Initiative Women's Health, Family Planning
Increasing Support & Funding for the Development of New Contraceptives J. Joseph Speidel, MD, MPH Women's Health, Family Planning
Supporting Corealign Programs Women's Health, Family Planning
Reproductive Health Education in Family Medicine-Abortion Training Program Kohar Der Simonian, MD Women's Health, Family Planning
Women, Children, and HIV Website Susan C. Coffey, MD HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Pediatrics, Newborn and Infant Health, Training and Capacity Building
Fellowship in Family Planning Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Women's Health, Family Planning, Residencies, Fellowships, and Postdoctoral Training
Supporting CoreAlign Programs Women's Health, Family Planning, Health Economics and Policy
Development of a Decision Support Tool for Contraception Christine E. Dehlendorf, MD, MAS Women's Health, Family Planning
Reduction of Unintended Pregnancy in the U.S. by Increasing Supply and Demand for Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning
HIV Prevention for Sero-Discordant Couples George W. Rutherford, MD HIV/AIDS, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, International Health Policy, Systematic Reviews and Guideline Development
CoreAlign Initiative Women's Health, Family Planning
Addressing Abortion Stigma Through Service Delivery Ushma D. Upadhyay, PhD, MPH Women's Health, Family Planning, Implementation and Behavioral Science
mHealth for Safe Abortion in Indonesia Caitlin E. Gerdts, PhD, MHS Women's Health, Family Planning
St Marys - International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group UZ Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, Risk Reduction and Prevention
Seke North - International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group UZ Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, Risk Reduction and Prevention
Parirenyatwa - International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group UZ UCSF CTU Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Drug and Diagnostics Development, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, Risk Reduction and Prevention
Launching CoreAlign Programs Family Planning, Health Economics and Policy
Reducing Unintended Pregnancy in the U.S. Through Promotion of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: the LARC Program Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Family Planning
STAR STI CTG Craig Cohen, MD, MPH HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health
Innovative Abortion Research in Colombia: The Qualitative Global Turnaway Study and mHealth Caitlin E. Gerdts, PhD, MHS Family Planning
Mechanistic and phenotypic characterization of semen amyloid disassembler as novel approach to HIV microbicide development Nadia Roan, PhD HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Family Planning, Risk Reduction and Prevention
Pregnancy, Delivery, and Neonatal Outcomes in Subjects with Ongoing Pregnancies Established During Study NT-03 Mary Norton, MD Family Planning
Family PACT Evaluation Project Philip D. Darney, MD, MS Women's Health, Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Cell Competition in the Developing Mouse Germline Diana J. Laird, PhD Cancer/Oncology, Family Planning, Pediatrics, Newborn and Infant Health
Teen Pregnancy Prevention Project Evaluation Claire Brindis, DrPH Family Planning, Adolescent Health
In Vivo Drug Interaction Study Karen S. Smith-McCune, MD, PhD Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Family Planning
Reducing Unplanned Pregnancy in the United States: Addressing the Needs of At-Risk Women Through Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Family Planning
Mobilizing Institutions Concerned with Food Security and Climate Change to Support International Family Planning J. Joseph Speidel, MD, MPH Malnutrition, Micronutrients, Food Insecurity, Family Planning
The Woman to Woman Dissemination Project Christine E. Dehlendorf, MD, MAS Women's Health, Family Planning, Access or Barriers to Care
The Most Effective And Most Expensive Contraception: Emphasizing Characteristics of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception To Enhance Use Kohar Der Simonian, MD Family Planning
Effect of Preimplantation Embryo Culture on Adult Glucose Homeostasis Paolo Rinaudo, MD, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning
Women's Reproductive Health Research Linda C. Giudice, MD, PhD, MSc Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning
Abortion Turnaway Project Diana G. Foster, PhD Neurology and Mental Health, Women's Health, Family Planning
Turnaway Study Diana G. Foster, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning, Health Economics and Policy, Access or Barriers to Care
Distance to an Abortion Provider and Source of Post-Abortion Care: Evidence from the Medi-Cal Program Ushma D. Upadhyay, PhD, MPH Family Planning, Access or Barriers to Care
IMPAACT Yr 08 P1077 CTU MOU #2 - Parirenyatwa Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG Drug and Diagnostics Development, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, Risk Reduction and Prevention
IMPAACT Yr 08 P1077 CTU MOU #2 - Seke North Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Drug and Diagnostics Development, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, Risk Reduction and Prevention
IMPAACT Yr 08 P1077 CTU MOU #2 - St. Mary's Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Pharmacology and Drug Treatment, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, Risk Reduction and Prevention
UZ-UCSF Clinical Trials Unit Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Drug and Diagnostics Development, Women's Health, Family Planning, Pediatrics, Newborn and Infant Health
UZ-UCSF CTU JHU IMPAACT PF: Task Order 3 Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Pediatrics, Newborn and Infant Health
Bedsider Content: Provider Perspectives, Get on Top Summaries and Feature Articles [II] J. Joseph Speidel, MD, MPH Women's Health, Family Planning
Expanding Access to Medication Abortion through Pharmacies in Nepal Corinne H. Rocca, PhD, MPH Family Planning
Women's Health and Maternal Surveillance Contract Paula A. Braveman, MD, MPH Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning
Development of PRONTO Implementation Plan for Community-Based Maternal and Newborn Program in Kenya Dilys M. Walker, MD Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health
Title X Family Planning Services Kohar Der Simonian, MD Women's Health, Family Planning
Process Evaluation and Toolkit Development in Support of Family Planning Integration into HIV Care & Treatment in Kenya Craig Cohen, MD, MPH HIV/AIDS, Women's Health, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, Adolescent Health, Engagement in Care, Health Systems Strengthening
Immediate versus delayed postpartum use of the levonorgestrel contraceptive implant: a randomized controlled trial Sarah H. Averbach, MD Family Planning
Talking with Doctors: What Women Want to Know Jody E. Steinauer, MD Family Planning
Expanding LARC Access with Rigorous Evidence Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning
Investigating a masculinities-based approach to increase male acceptance of family planning in Kenya Sara J. Newmann, MD, MPH Family Planning, Implementation and Behavioral Science
Investigating the Role of Stigma on Fertility Desire among HIV-positive Women in Bangkok, Thailand Natasha Mehta, DSc, MPH HIV/AIDS, Family Planning
Characterizing the Perceptions and Experiences of Post-Abortion Care (PAC) among Young Kenyan Women in Nairobi: A Qualitative Study Deeqa Mohamed, MS Women's Health, Family Planning
mHealth Interventions for Pregnant Women in Low and Middle Income Countries in Asia: A Systematic Review Eri Yoshimura, MS Women's Health, Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Post Fellowship Support Felicia C. Lester, MD, MPH Family Planning
Facilitation for Family Planning Convening on Non-Use of Contraceptives Colin Boyle, MPP, MBA Family Planning
UZ-UCSF CTU Parirenyatwa Clinical Research Site HPTN 052 2nd Protocol Funding Zvavahera Chirenje, MD, FRCOG HIV/AIDS, Family Planning
Alcohol Consumption before, during, and after Unwanted Pregnancy Sarah C. Roberts, DrPH Family Planning, Substance Abuse
Amplifying Abortion in the Public Conversation Women's Health, Family Planning
Reducing Health Disparities in Unintended Pregnancies Among Hispanic Adolescents Using a Patient-Centered Computer-Based Clinic Intervention Kathleen P. Tebb, PhD Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Family Planning, Adolescent Health
Exploring the Role of Semen Amyloids in Promoting HIV Infection and Fertilization Nadia Roan, PhD HIV/AIDS, Drug and Diagnostics Development, Family Planning
Implementation Science: Bringing the LARC training intervention to scale Cynthia C. Harper, PhD Family Planning
Monitoring and Evaluation to Support Sayana Press Scale-Up in Nigeria 2015-2016 Maia Sieverding, PhD, MA Family Planning
The East Bay Community Birth Support Project Monica McLemore, PhD, MPH, RN Women's Health, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health, Patient and Peer Education
Fetal HCMV Infection: Role of the Human Placenta Lenore Pereira, PhD Noncommunicable and/or Chronic Disease, Women's Health, Family Planning, Newborn and Infant Health
Origins and Biological Consequences of Human Infertility Linda C. Giudice, MD, PhD, MSc Family Planning
Exploring hormonal regulation of cervical mucoproteins and their role in contraceptive therapy Karen S. Smith-McCune, MD, PhD Family Planning
Monitoring and Evaluation to Support Sayana Press Scale-Up in Nigeria 2015-2016 Jenny X. Liu, PhD Women's Health, Family Planning
Development of an integrated contraception and HIV prevention decision support tool for family planning clients in Kisumu, Kenya Dominika L. Seidman, MD HIV/AIDS, Family Planning
Quality of Family Planning Services delivered by Medi-Cal providers Heike Thiel De Bocanegra, MPH, PhD Family Planning, Systematic Reviews and Guideline Development
University of California Global Health Institute Program for Fellows and Scholars Craig Cohen, MD, MPH Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Zoonosis, Emerging Disease, and Drug Resistance, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), HIV/AIDS, Opportunistic Infection, Tuberculosis, Malaria, Noncommunicable and/or Chronic Disease, Surgery and Anesthesia, Cancer/Oncology, Cardiovascular Disease, Chronic Respiratory Disease, Diabetes, Occupational and Environmental Disease, Diet, Exercise, and Obesity, Malnutrition, Micronutrients, Food Insecurity, Eye Disease and Blindness, Oral Health, Drug and Diagnostics Development, Immunology, Genetics, Pharmacology and Drug Treatment, Neurology and Mental Health, Dementia and Cognitive Impairment, Trauma and PTSD, Women's Health, Aging, Labor and Delivery, Family Planning, Pediatrics, Newborn and Infant Health, Adolescent Health, Health Economics and Policy, Access or Barriers to Care, Immigration and Migration, Stigma and Discrimination, Smoking and Tobacco, International Health Policy, Systematic Reviews and Guideline Development, Epidemiology and Surveillance, Triangulation, Global Strategic Information, Implementation and Behavioral Science, Engagement in Care, Substance Abuse, Treatment Adherence, Health Systems Strengthening, Risk Reduction and Prevention, Residencies, Fellowships, and Postdoctoral Training