Quality of Mammography Facilities Serving Vulnerable Women

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Investigator: Lauren E. Goldman, MD
Sponsor: California Breast Cancer Research Program

Location(s): United States

Description

Women in medically vulnerable populations, including racial and ethnic minorities, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and residents of rural areas, experience higher breast cancer mortality than do others. Whether mammography facilities that treat vulnerable women demonstrate lower quality of care than other facilities is unknown.
To assess the quality of mammography women receive at facilities characterized as serving a high proportion of medically vulnerable populations.
We prospectively collected self-reported breast cancer risk factor information, mammography interpretations, and cancer outcomes on 1,579,929 screening mammography examinations from 750,857 women, aged 40-80 years, attending any of 151 facilities in the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium between 1998 and 2004. To classify facilities as serving medically vulnerable populations, we used 4 criteria: educational attainment, racial/ethnic minority, household income, and rural/urban residence.