Prevention and Treatment of Impotence
Location(s): United States
Therapies for prostate cancer including radical surgery, radiation, hormonal therapy are the leading cause of iatrogenic erectile dysfunction (ED). The cavernous nerve, the nerve that controls penile erection, is on the capsule of the prostate and is frequently injured during radical pelvic surgery for cancer of the prostate as well as bladder and rectum. Supported by NIH grant "Treatment and prevention of impotence" RO 1 DK45370, Jan 1/1998- 12/31/2001, we found that systemic growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) enhanced regeneration of the cavernous nerves and recovery of erectile function. However, the recovery is partial in young rats and minimal in old rats. In addition, concerns have been expressed regarding using growth hormone or IGF in patients after cancer therapy. Therefore, we performed several preliminary studies on the effect of neurotrophin on cavernous nerve regeneration and obtained very exciting results. The goals of this proposed project are to explore the potential of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) - enhanced brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) therapy on cavernous nerve regeneration and recovery of erectile function. In addition, we have identified that among the signaling pathways, Jak/STAT pathway seems to be the main one associated with BDNF enhanced neurite growth. We therefore also propose to confirm this finding and identify the missing link between BDNF and Jak/STAT pathway. We will also study the phosphorylation cascades, cytokine and growth factor expression associated with cavernous nerve injury and BDNF-enhanced regeneration. This proposal is aiming at improving our understanding of the molecular mechanism of cavernous nerve injury and regeneration and translate the knowledge to clinical use. Successful completion of this project will not only significantly improve our understanding of the basic mechanism of cavernous nerve injury and regeneration but may also offer a "cure" for neurogenic ED from various causes to tens of thousands of patients.