Lipogenesis, Lipoprotein Flux & CVD Risk: Role of Meal Composition & Frequency
Location(s): United States
The purpose of this study is to find out how the amount of fat or sugar in a person's diet, or the number of meals eaten each day, affect the amount of fat that people's bodies make, the types of fats in the bloodstream, and how much fat is stored in the liver. The study is funded by the National Institutes of Health.
The study consists of two 10-day feeding periods that are separated by approximately two weeks. During each feeding period all food and beverages to be consumed will be provided by the study.
Participants will be randomly assigned to receive one of two diets. Both diets are designed to maintain weight at a constant level. The diets are balanced nutritionally and have the same amount of protein. One diet has higher amounts of sugar, while the other has higher amounts of fat. For one 10-day period, the diet will be fed as two large meals ('meal-feeding'). For the other 10-day period, the identical diet will be fed as 8 small meals ('nibbling'). Half of the participants will meal-feed first, while the other half will 'nibble' first. The order of nibbling or meal feeding will be determined randomly.
At the end of each 10-day feeding period, participants will spend two nights in a research ward (Clinical Research Center) to undergo testing.